January 31

RIPM’s “Illustrations of the Week”
Émigré Composers in America, 1933-1945

From 1933 to 1945, the period of Nazi Germany, a number of prominent European composers fled their homelands and sought refuge in the United States. Many were subjects of interest in the American journal Modern Music (New York, 1924-1946).  Sketches by Viennese artist Benedikt Fred Dolbin (a pen name for Fred Pollack), a composition student of Arnold Schoenberg, include some of the most well-known composers of the period. After establishing a successful career drawing for a number of Austrian and German publications–including Der Wiener Tag, Wiener Allgemeine Zeitung, and Berliner Tageblatt–Dolbin, of Jewish descent, received a Berufsverbot order, which prohibited his artwork from appearing in the German press.  Soon after, Dolbin, like the composers he sketched below, emigrated to America.

 

    

   

Modern Music, Vol. XVIII No. 2 (January-February 1941): [104-105].

RIPM search tip: To view more illustrations in Modern Music, access RIPM’s Retrospective Index and Online Archive, and fill in the following fields: Periodical = Modern Music [1924-1946]; Type = Illustration.  For more information on Modern Music, click here.

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Posted January 31, 2018 by John Ehrenburg in category "Illustration(s) of the Week